Historical Post by Gail Gaymer Martin

Build a 3-Dimensional Hero Using Core Personalities – Part II

In Part 1, I explained Core Personalities and gave you the basic information needed to use these personalities to create fictional heroes and heroines. Today I will go more deeply into the subject of Core Personalities by adding more of the techniques novelists use to create characters.

After digesting the personalities of the four core types from Terrance Real’s book How Can I Get Through To You, you can see the opportunities to build some interesting characters and create dynamic conflicts. Consider plotting a thriller where two elitists are on opposing forces or plotting a romance with the one character being a feeler and the other an analyzer. Put two drivers together in a story built around a family dynasty. Conflict is brewing in any of those scenarios.

To add to the total character, you will take the basic core personality and add a past that will help the reader understand why one person is driven, why another lives with self-importance, and another can find a positive in the most negative situation. You are a mix of genetics and experience, and to help readers believe in your characters and find them compelling, you must develop them just as you have become who you are. Remember that your past (backstory) is made up of a multitude of elements: upbringing, family discipline, education, religious attitudes, health issues, birth order, family dysfunctions, successes and failures, location (south/west/north/east or rural/urban), and income.

As you build these core personalities, begin thinking how these characters will dress, their language and diction, their manner of responding and reacting to situations. You can see that each will be different.

The feeler will speak in a more flowing language using animation. The language could be more poetic, using alliteration and similes. He will emphasize the good, and avoid talking about the bad. A woman might dress more colorfully, with gussy jewelry and more ruffles. A man might take more chances in trying something new, fads or something outside the box.

The driver will speak in shorter, emphatic sentences. He doesn’t waste time. He wants to get to the nitty gritty of the topic. No flowery language for him. He is organized in both his speaking and in his apparel. He dresses for the situation, but clothes aren’t his concern. He focuses on getting things done and accomplishing his goal.

The analyzer will be thoughtful in his speech and will not waste words. He won’t speak until he’s thought the situation through, and come up with the best response. He will ask questions, dig deeper, and not be afraid to pry. He expects answers. He will dress conservatively. He wears basic appropriate clothing for the occasion and doesn’t take chances in style. He prefers tradition.

The elitist will use a large vocabulary and good grammar. He’ll speak clearly and decisively as if what he says is truth whether it is or not. He will stand back and observe rather than jump into a mundane conversation. He could be a name dropper both in style of clothing, and in who he knows. His apparel will be influenced by the situation. At a black tie dinner he will wear a designer tuxedo, but he’s not afraid to be his own person and make others think it is appropriate. They will sometimes follow his lead, thinking if he can do it maybe it’s the best way to dress. No matter what he wears, he will stand out in the crowd.

As you weigh these characters and their interactions, notice how conflicts can easily arise depending on their roles in your novel. Don’t always make the boss the elitist. An employee could outshine the owner and bully him, if he’s not confident in his role. You set the scenario. Although we often think of women as the feeler, try this attribute on a man. Don’t make him effeminate, but make him care and show he does. By working with core personalities, you can create some unexpected characters with compelling conflicts.

And finally remember that your characters will change from the beginning of the novel to the end. When two elitists battle face to face, it will cause one to change. Perhaps he realizes that his elitism is only a cover for what he thought he lacked in his past, and he walks away from the battle feeling he is a winner. The driver who falls in love with a feeler can learn that he’s destroying his chances for happiness by thinking success in his business is the most important thing in his life. He learns that loving and being loved is the ultimate happiness.

With these techniques, you will create dynamic believable characters!





Historical Post by Gail Gaymer Martin

Build a 3-D Hero Using Core Personalities – Part 1

Gail Gaymer Martin

Gail Gaymer Martin

Today I will talk about using Core Personalities to help create a novel’s hero or main male character. This information can also be used for females, but since most popular authors are females, especially those who write romance which is the largest selling genre, we need to put our feet into a man’s shoes.

Whether you write suspense, romance, or adventure, any genre needs 3-D characters. Author Mark Mynheir presented a workshop once on characterization and suggested the use of the Myers Briggs personality test to help create dynamic characters by using the basic core personalities and then wrapping a backstory history around him. Here is a site where you can check out the basic eight personality types used in the Myers Briggs test.   http://www.personalitypage.com/html/info.html

But let’s begin by looking a four core personalities from Terrance Real’s book How Can I Get Through To You. He suggests in his book that people have four personalities: Feeler, Driver, Analyzer, and Elitist. Now we can take the eight personalities of Myers Briggs and find these personalities there as well, but for writing, these four will provide a good basis.

The feeler is a person who reacts and interacts through emotion and comes across as warm and friendly. He avoids confrontation and always tries to put the most positive twist on every situation. He prefers intimate groups rather than a crowd and rarely initiates conversation, especially with strangers. When in a larger group, he becomes more reticent and only expresses opinions that are non-aggressive. His emotions are often on his sleeve. His body language can be emotive. Think Oprah.

The driver tends to be a Type A personality who is perceptive and therefore likes to control the situation. He is curious and enthusiastic while tending to pick up on the mood and style of the group he is in. He is verbal and quick-minded. His body action is animated. Some people might considered him overly-friendly, but he is naturally gregarious. He would be considered a non-conformist, willing to take chances if he sees the possibility of positive results. Think Bill O’Reilly.

The analyzer is organized, logical, and stoic. He is careful in what he says, controlling himself mentally, physically and verbally. Though he is pleasant, he keeps his distance and appears to need no one besides himself. Emotions are not for the analyzer, but intellect is. He is very self-confident and is not at ease in lighthearted or frivolous situations. Think Barbara Walters and Martha Stewart.

The elitist is aloof and feels superior. Although he appears friendly, he has a strong sense of his own importance. He observes his surroundings yet is detached from the situation. He can be charismatic and easily stands out in a crowd by his bearing and manner. Think Simon Cowell and Hannibal Lector.

Think about how this information might be used in your novel to build a 3-D hero using core personalities. Part II will add some layers to the core and pose some thoughts on how to use the core personalities to create great conflict.


Gail Gaymer Martin

Gail Gaymer Martin

Good morning on this Friday in autumn. Welcome to the CAN blog on writing from Gail Gaymer Martin 

Today I want to talk about another element of creating characterization through using character mannerisms. When you think about people you know, notice what they do with their bodies, hands and facial expressions as well as their stance, stride and actions.  Mixed in with the natural way we move and act, we can always see a few personal mannerisms. These are often related to their person’s attitude or emotional response.

Here’s some things to think about.

Characters and Their Mannerisms 

A man cracks his knuckles or jingles change in his pocket. A woman pushes up her bangs or taps her fingernails. Another man removes and replaces his eye glasses, or a woman bites the edge of her fingernail. Some people are knee-bouncers. Others are toe-tappers. Many are clothes-tuggers.

Do you notice these actions in people? If you haven’t the next talk show you watch, pay attention to the habits/mannerisms of some of the guests or the host of the show. Nail biting, These are called mannerisms or, some call them idiosyncracies. Some habits go beyond touching their own body. Some people are lint-pickers. Some are rug-straighteners. Others fool with chair arm-covers or click their ballpoint pen.

Personal actions, such as these, can be used effectively in fiction to enhance characterization and to provide an attitudinal or emotional signal for the reader. Mannerisms can alert the reader when the heroine is nervous. In a tension situation, show her running her fingers through her hair or rubbing the back of her neck. Later in the story, use this again when she’s under stress. The action has now been established as a signal that she is feeling nervous or uptight. Never over use a mannerism. Decide where they will be most effective and then let them enhance the story. A detective might notice the behavior and realizes the heroine knows more than she’s admitting. A romantic suitor could be aware that his advances are not be well-received for some reason. This allows readers to be part of the awareness. Rather than telling them, you’re showing, and this allows them to participate in the discovery.

In the same way that attire, choice of color and style provides insight into characterizations, so do mannerisms so use them to provide information that deepens characterization and establishes a mood within the scene.

Even the names you give your characters help to define who they are which will be the subject of my next post to you in December.

Yuletide Treasures by Gail Gaymer Martin

Yuletide Treasures by Gail Gaymer Martin

December reminds me of Christmas and if you are wanting to read stories about Christmas to get your ready for the amazing seasons, you might want to take a look at one of my recent novels titled  Yuletide Treasures

Livy Schuler thinks she has her life planned. But visiting the Mandalay family at Christmas with her young nephew introduces her to new traditions and a new way life. From her cousin Helen and the secret gift of two hearts bound as one which Livy’s brother asked her to deliver to Helen, she learns the true meaning of love. Can she let her plans fade to explore the possibility of a love ever after?  For details click here


Gail Gaymer Martin

Gail Gaymer Martin

Happy Friday, and welcome to the CAN Blog on Writing Fiction from Gail Gaymer Martin.

When writing a novel, authors can deepen characterization by adding elements to the novel that sends a signal to readers. These signals allow them to see deeper characterization by observing what a character chooses wear in a given situation. Not only can personality be seen, but often deeper character such as morals or values.

Dressing Characters

If your heroine comes through the door wearing baggy jeans, a large bulky sweatshirt, and a baseball cap set on her head backwards, what would a reader think? A tomboy? Perhaps. Or could she be a troubled girl trying to hid her sexuality? Had she been molested or raped? Had she been raised in a home of all boys and never learned to express her femininity? How she dresses shows a side of her that defines her personality and character, but the reason can only be discovered as readers get to know her.

Clothing types, styles, and color helps define a character’s personality and sometimes peculiarities. Readers decide if the character is eccentric, casual, prim, aggressive, flashy, or subdued from his or her choice of clothing. Does she dress like the hippy of the 70s, like an uptight business woman, or a frumpy matron? As real life people do, your characters can dress in a manner that states their individuality. They can cover flaws, use clothing to hid behind ,or even confuse others by what they wear. In a romantic suspense, a man wanting to hide from a killer tries to blend in with the crowd. He will change his appearance to take attention from himself. A young woman seeking attention will often dress in a provocative or inappropriate manner to draw attention to herself.

Plunging necklines defines a woman as does high-necked blouses or loose-fitting turtleneck sweater. We contrast the flashing woman exploiting her sexuality while a modest or shy woman might do the opposite. You can use clothing to identify your heroine’s personality.

We can recognize people trying to look chic and well-dressed when they have no flair for it. Their outfights might show the faux pas of their efforts — last years design or color, the wrong shoes with the dress style or gaudy jewelry that distracts rather than enhances. A male executive in an important position should know which to button on a three-button suit or how to tie a Windsor knot at the right length.

Clothing styles reflect age as well, and while tight jeans and the layered look looks good on a teen or younger woman, a woman in her fifties might leave others questioning her taste. As a writer, you can use these techniques to signal the reader as to the inner workings of your characters. Pick up a fashion magazine and take note of the styles. Look at a clothing catalog to see what most people wear, and pay attention to color. Colors change with the season and what was in style last year is out this year.

Some colors hold meanings so be alert. A red dress may not be worn by a demure young woman while a showy character would. Black can either be chic, signal grief, or alert a reader that the character wants to blend in with the woodwork. When describing color of clothing in your novels, use it to enhance something more purposeful. Let the blue match the color of her eyes or remind him of a cloudless day that takes him back to good memories. Let the gold flecks in his hair remind her of his sunny disposition. While readers like to know what characters are wearing, use it to enhance characterization or deepen the mood of the story.

As significant is style and color, how characters wears their attire is significant. Someone who is round shouldered and stooped is depressed or lacking confidence. A man wearing white socks to a business meeting looks as if he just left the farm. A female with clothes so loose-fitting her figures is obscured might be one with low self-esteem or, as mentioned earlier, one who is hiding her sexuality. Use unkempt characters to illustrate a lack of pride or the action of self-sacrifice for others.

Occupations can be reflect by attire. Dirt under the fingers nails could point to a man who works in a repair shop. An accountant might wear reading glasses. A librarian might dress fashionably but wear sensible shoes.

Whether tight or loose, casual or elegant, neat or unkempt, clothing adds three-dimensions to characterization so use it effectively with purpose. Mannerisms and idiosyncrasies also add realism and characterization in your novels and that will be covered in the next post.

© Gail Gaymer Martin 2015